More from Paul Krugman on the public option:
The public option as a signal, by Paul Krugman: Look, it is possible to have
universal care without a public option; Switzerland does. But there are some
good reasons for the prominence of the public option in our debate.
One is substantive: to have a workable system
without the public option, you need to have effective regulation of the
insurers. Given the realities of our money-dominated politics, you really have
to worry whether that can be done — which is a reason to have a more or less
automatic mechanism for disciplining the industry.
The second is what the option debate says about
If progressives had real trust in Obama’s
commitment to doing the right thing, the administration would have broad leeway
to do deals. But the president doesn’t command that kind of trust.
Partly it’s a matter of style — as many people have
noted, he has been weirdly reluctant to make the moral case for universal care,
weirdly unable to show passion on the issue, weirdly diffident even about the
blatant lies from the right. Partly it’s a spillover from his other policies: by
appointing an economic team that’s Rubin redux, by taking such a kindly attitude
to the banks, he has squandered a lot of progressive enthusiasm.
Add in the dealmaking as part of the health care
process itself, and progressives can be forgiven for having the impression that
Obama (a) takes them for granted (b) is way too easily rolled by the other side.
So progressives have their backs up over one
provision in health care reform that’s easy to monitor. The public option has
become not so much a symbol as a signal, a test of whether Obama is really the
progressive activists thought they were backing.
And the bizarre thing is that the administration
doesn’t seem to get that.
I think there's another factor as well. It's not just that Democrats don't
trust Obama's commitment to progressive issues, and it's not simply a matter of
style, or a spillover from other appointments, though I do agree these are
issues. It's also the sense that the same old right-wing crazies are driving the
public debate to a much greater extent than is justified by the last election.
This was supposed to be a new era, one where progressive ideas would dominate
public policy, not an era where a false charge of "death panels" would dominate
the public discourse, and certainly not an era where misrepresentations from the
far right extreme would cause the public option to be dropped from the legislation.
Whether the administration simply does not have the political power, lacks
sufficient will, doesn't understand the political significance, or what, it's
hard for supporters to watch the same political game unfold once again in what was supposed to
be a new era in progressive politics. It's a frustrating slap in the face for
progressives who support the administration, and it's the sense of powerless against the
right-wing false message machine that is driving that frustration.
The administration needs to take a stand against something important - and
win. And not just for what is signals to supporters. Compromise will never appease the crazies on
the right, strength is the only way to beat them.
Update: Robert Reich isn't ready to give up on the public option:
The Public Option's Last Stand, and the Public's, by Robert Reich: I would
have preferred a single payer system like Medicare, but became convinced earlier
this year that a public, Medicare-like optional plan was just about as much as
was politically possible. Now the White House is stepping back even from the
Without a public, Medicare-like option, health care reform is a bandaid for a
system in critical condition. There's no way to push private insurers to become
more efficient and provide better value to Americans without being forced to
compete with a public option. And there's no way to get overall health-care
costs down without a public option that has the authority and scale to negotiate
lower costs with pharmaceutical companies, doctors, hospitals, and other
providers -- thereby opening the way for private insurers to do the same.
It's been clear from the start that the private insurers and other parts of the
medical-industrial complex have hated the idea of the public option, for
precisely these reasons. A public option would cut deeply into their current
profits. That's why they've been willing to spend a fortune on lobbyists,
threaten and intimidate legislators and ordinary Americans, and even rattle
Obama's cage to the point where the Administration is about to give up on it.
The White House wonders why there hasn't been more support for universal health
care coming from progressives, grass-roots Democrats, and Independents. I'll
tell you why. It's because the White House has never made an explicit commitment
to a public option. ... If Obama tells Senate Democrats he will not sign a
healthcare reform bill without a public option, there will be enough votes in
the United States Senate for a public option.
I urge you to make it absolutely clear to everyone you know, everyone who cares
about universal health care and what it will mean to our country, that the bill
must contain a real public option. Tell that to your representatives in
Congress. Tell that to the White House. If you are receiving piles of emails
from the Obama email system asking you to click in favor of health care, do not
do so unless or until you know it has a clear public option. Do not send money
unless or until the White House makes clear its support for a public option.
This isn't just Obama's test. It's our test.
I'm not sure this is the place for the administration to take a stand, perhaps it is, but I am sure that they need to take stand on something. Let me ask a question. Can you articulate with a simple statement what the administration's primary goal for health care reform is? Is it to make coverage universal? To control costs and reduce future deficits? To stop the insurance companies from taking advantage of people who already have coverage? All of the above? Something else? I don't think you can take a solid stand on the issues until you've clearly articulated the main goal, and that has not been done. I suspect that the goals will be defined after reform is passed - if it is - and the goals will be defined as whatever they were able to get. We got the main things we were after we will be told, whether that is true or not. But if, in the end, reform is mostly cosmetic, I don't think that strategy will work.
To say that your goal is whatever you can achieve, whatever that is, would be fine if what is possible is independent of how clearly and forcefully the administration articulates its goals, but what can be achieved is not independent of the administration's articulation of its goals. When the goals are vague, it allows the other side to define reform, and do so on their terms and with their terminology, and that limits the possibilities that are available, perhaps fatally.